Mesothelioma Lawyers and Claims
FAQs - your questions answered
Pleural mesothelioma develops in the membrane that surrounds the lungs (visceral pleura) or the membrane that lines the chest wall (parietal pleura). Pleural mesothelioma often results in a build-up of fluid which presses on the lung, known as pleural effusion, and causes breathlessness. Other symptoms of pleural mesothelioma include coughing, often severe chest pain, lethargy and weight loss.
Peritoneal mesothelioma develops in the membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal and pelvic cavities. Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include painful and swollen abdomen caused by a build-up of fluid (peritoneal effusion), high temperature, nausea and vomiting, lethargy and bowel and urinary problems.
To diagnose both types of mesothelioma, a doctor may perform a number of examinations including:
- taking a full medical history, including a history of possible asbestos exposure
- physical examination
- blood tests
- chest x-rays
- CT scans
- drainage and analysis of pleural or peritoneal fluid
- inserting an endoscope through a small incision in the chest wall to take a tissue sample (thoracoscopy), and
- tissue sample or biopsy to determine the presence of malignant cells.
Treatment options for a confirmed diagnosis of mesothelioma include:
- pleurectomy - surgery to remove affected tissue
- thoracentesis - a procedure that removes fluid from the pleural cavity through a needle inserted between the ribs
- pleurodesis - a special powder is inserted between the pleural layers to cause inflammation and stop production of excess fluid. This is performed using a slender instrument (endoscope) inserted into the chest
- paracentesis - a thin needle or tube is inserted into the abdomen to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity (the space within the abdomen that contains the intestines, the stomach and the liver)
- chemotherapy - the use of cancer-killing drugs that can shrink the cancer and ease symptoms. Chemotherapy is often recommended if the cancer has returned following other treatment or if other treatments are inappropriate. Common chemotherapy treatments for mesothelioma include Cisplatin and Alimta, and
- radiotherapy - x-ray treatment to kill cancer cells. Only small areas can be treated or the healthy cells of the lungs, heart and liver may be damaged. Radiotherapy is often used to ease pain and breathlessness.
Note: This information is general in nature. Please consult your doctor about your health.